Wednesday, September 1, 2021

More Than 9,300 COVID-19 Cases Linked to Canadian Carceral Institutions by the End of August 2021

* Updated 1 September 2021 at 3:20pm EDT *

OVERALL
Prisoners = 7,142 (9 deaths reported)
Staff = 2,176 (1 death reported)
Contractors = 6 
Unknown = 8
Total = 9,332

Canadian Jurisdictions with Reported COVID-19 Cases 
Linked to their Carceral Institutions as of 31 August 2021  

Federal | Correctional Service Canada = 2,191 (1,582 prisoners | 609 staff) 
Newfoundland and Labrador = 0
Nova Scotia = 6 (5 prisoners | 1 staff)
New Brunswick = 9 (2 staff | 7 unknown)
Prince Edward Island = 1 (1 prisoner | 0 staff)
Quebec = 1,051 (641 prisoners | 410 staff) 
Ontario = 2,300 (1,788 prisoners | 508 staff | 4 contractors)
Manitoba = 648 (509 prisoners | 139 staff)
Saskatchewan = 1,152 (906 prisoners | 246 staff)
Alberta = 1,697 (1,483 prisoners | 212 staff | 2 contractors)
British Columbia = 258 (209 prisoners | 49 staff)
Nunavut = 14 (14 prisoners | 0 staff)
Northwest Territories = 1 (1 unknown)
Yukon = 4 (4 prisoners | 0 staff)

Other Carceral Institutions (not included in overall count above)
Federal | Canadian Border Services Agency = 6 (4 prisoners | 1 staff | 1 contractor)

NOTE ON METHOD
The preliminary findings presented above were compiled from figures included media reports and publicly available government data sets. Due to the quality of the data available, it is possible that there are additional laboratory confirmed cases of COVID-19 linked to prisoners and/or staff of Canadian carceral institutions than those compiled above as many state bodies do not report both types of cases online on a pro-active basis like Manitoba Corrections and the Ministère de la Sécurité publique du Québec. Correctional Service Canada and the Ontario Ministry of the Solicitor General release prisoner COVID-19 case figures on a regular basis through tables accessible through a single web link, but not those of their institutional staff. All other Canadian human caging authorities do not make such data sets available online, including the Saskatchewan Ministry of Corrections, Policing and Public Safety and the Alberta Correctional Services Division that have had several large outbreaks linked to their provincial jails and prisons, as well as the Nova Scotia Correctional Services Division, the Corrections Branch of the New Brunswick Department of Public SafetyPrince Edward Island Community and Correctional ServicesBritish Columbia Corrections, Nunavut CorrectionsNorthwest Territories Corrections Service, and Yukon Corrections that have had fewer total cases linked to their provincial or territorial sites of confinement. Researchers, journalists, policymakers and practitioners using the data presented above are invited to contact justin.piche@uottawa.ca should they find any errors or have any questions. 

RESEARCH PROJECT AND FUNDING 

The preliminary findings above were compiled as part of the "COVID-19: Investigating Canada's Carceral Response to the Coronavirus through the Prison Pandemic Partnership" (principal investigator: Kevin Walby, PhD - uWinnipeg | co-investigator: Justin Piché, PhD - uOttawa | partner organization: Canadian Civil Liberties Association) project funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The partnership project is housed within the Centre for Access to Information and Justice at the University of Winnipeg.