Thursday, December 2, 2021

Over 10,000 COVID-19 Cases Linked to Canadian Carceral Institutions by the End of November 2021

* Updated 3 December 2021 at 12:10pm ET *

OVERALL
Prisoners = 7,736 (9 deaths reported)
Staff = 2,289 (1 death reported)
Contractors = 6 
Unknown = 11
Total = 10,042

Canadian Jurisdictions with Reported COVID-19 Cases 
Linked to their Carceral Institutions as of 30 November 2021  

Federal | Correctional Service Canada = 2,261 (1,646 prisoners | 615 staff) 
Newfoundland and Labrador = 0
Nova Scotia = 6 (5 prisoners | 1 staff)
New Brunswick = 14 (2 + 2 staff | 10 unknown)
Prince Edward Island = 1 (1 prisoner | 0 staff)
Quebec = 1,233 (795 prisoners | 438 staff) 
Ontario = 2,634 (2,068 prisoners | 562 staff | 4 contractors)
Manitoba = 672 (521 prisoners | 151 staff)
Saskatchewan = 1,177 (924 prisoners | 253 staff)
Alberta = 1,747 (1,529 prisoners | 216 staff | 2 contractors)
British Columbia = 278 (229 prisoners | 49 staff)
Nunavut = 14 (14 prisoners | 0 staff)
Northwest Territories = 1 (1 unknown)
Yukon = 4 (4 prisoners | 0 staff)

Other Carceral Institutions (not included in overall count above)
Federal | Canadian Border Services Agency = 6 (4 prisoners | 1 staff | 1 contractor)

NOTE ON METHOD
The preliminary findings presented above were compiled from figures included media reports and publicly available government data sets. Due to the quality of the data available, it is possible that there are additional laboratory confirmed cases of COVID-19 linked to prisoners and/or staff of Canadian carceral institutions than those compiled above as many state bodies do not report both types of cases online on a pro-active basis like Manitoba Corrections and the Ministère de la Sécurité publique du Québec. Correctional Service Canada and the Ontario Ministry of the Solicitor General release prisoner COVID-19 case figures on a regular basis through tables accessible through a single web link, but not those of their institutional staff. All other Canadian human caging authorities do not make such data sets available online, including the Saskatchewan Ministry of Corrections, Policing and Public Safety and the Alberta Correctional Services Division that have had several large outbreaks linked to their provincial jails and prisons, as well as the Nova Scotia Correctional Services Division, the Corrections Branch of the New Brunswick Department of Public SafetyPrince Edward Island Community and Correctional ServicesBritish Columbia CorrectionsNunavut CorrectionsNorthwest Territories Corrections Service, and Yukon Corrections that have had fewer total cases linked to their provincial or territorial sites of confinement. Researchers, journalists, policymakers and practitioners using the data presented above are invited to contact justin.piche@uottawa.ca should they find any errors or have any questions. 

RESEARCH PROJECT AND FUNDING 
The preliminary findings above were compiled as part of the "COVID-19: Investigating Canada's Carceral Response to the Coronavirus through the Prison Pandemic Partnership" (principal investigator: Kevin Walby, PhD - uWinnipeg | co-investigator: Justin Piché, PhD - uOttawa | partner organization: Canadian Civil Liberties Association) project funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The partnership project is housed within the Centre for Access to Information and Justice at the University of Winnipeg.