Monday, March 15, 2021

Carceral Depopulation in Canada During the COVID-19 Pandemic

 * Updated: 29 March 2021 at 2:30pm *

Overall *

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 37,976
June 2020 = 30,580 (-19.5% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 32,141 (-15.4% pre-pandemic levels)
2021 = to be compiled once data is available from all jurisdictions


* February to September 2020 data compiled by Statistics Canada (10 March 2021).


Correctional Service Canada | Federal

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 13,891

June 2020 = 13,141 (-5% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2021 = 12,761 (-8.1 pre-pandemic levels)

11 January 2021 = 12,500 (-10% pre-pandemic levels)

Newfoundland and Labrador | Provincial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 310

June 2020 = 187 (-40% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 332 (+7.1% pre-pandemic levels)
2021 = not publicly disclosed


Prince Edward Island | Provincial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 114

June 2020 = 94 (-17% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 115 (+0.9% pre-pandemic levels)
15 March 2021 = 93 (-18.4% pre-pandemic levels)


Nova Scotia | Provincial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 440

June 2020 = 268 (-39% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 325 (-26.1% pre-pandemic levels)
10 January 2021 = 334 (-24.1% pre-pandemic levels)

22 March 2021 = 353 (-19.8% pre-pandemic levels)


New Brunswick | Provincial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 450

June 2020 = 358 (-20% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 417 (-7.3% pre-pandemic levels)
2021 = not publicly disclosed


Quebec | Provincial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 4,381

June 2020 = 3,383 (-23% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 3,961 (-9.6% pre-pandemic levels)
15 March 2021 = 3,695 (-15.6% pre-pandemic levels)

22 March 2021 = 3,768 (-14% pre-pandemic levels)


Ontario | Provincial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 8,269

June 2020 = 5,811 (-30% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 6,315 (-25.8% pre-pandemic levels)
25 January 2021 = 7,190 (-14.3% pre-pandemic levels) 

2 March 2021 = 7,111 (-14% pre-pandemic levels)

22 March 2021 = 7,131 (-13.8% pre-pandemic levels)


Manitoba | Provincial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 2,238

June 2020 = 1,688 (-25% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 1,804 (-19.4% pre-pandemic levels)
2021 = not publicly disclosed


Saskatchewan | Provincial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 1,984

June 2020 = 1,537 (-23% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 1,771 (-10.7% pre-pandemic levels)
1 January 2021 = 1,631 (-17.8% pre-pandemic levels) 


Alberta | Provincial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 3,384

June 2020 = 2,370 (-30% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 2,582 (-23.7% pre-pandemic levels)
10 March 2021 = 2,932 (-13.4% pre-pandemic levels)


British Columbia | Provincial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 2,193

June 2020 = 1,474 (-33% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 1,445 (-34.1% pre-pandemic levels)
22 January 2021 = 1,550 (-29.3% pre-pandemic levels)


Nunavut | Territorial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 122

June 2020 = 118 (-3% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 135 (+10.7% pre-pandemic levels)
2021 = not publicly disclosed


Northwest Territories | Territorial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 143

June 2020 = 112 (-22% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 120 (-16.1% pre-pandemic levels)
2021 = not publicly disclosed


Yukon | Territorial

Pre-pandemic | February 2020 = 56

June 2020 = 39 (-31% pre-pandemic levels)

September 2020 = 45 (-19.6% pre-pandemic levels)
2021 = not publicly disclosed


RESEARCH PROJECT AND FUNDING 
The preliminary findings above were compiled as part of the "COVID-19: Investigating Canada's Carceral Response to the Coronavirus through the Prison Pandemic Partnership" (principal investigator: Kevin Walby, PhD - uWinnipeg | co-investigator: Justin Piché, PhD - uOttawa | partner organization: Canadian Civil Liberties Association) project funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The partnership project is housed within the Centre for Access to Information and Justice at the University of Winnipeg. Researchers, journalists, policymakers and practitioners using the data presented above are invited to contact justin.piche@uottawa.ca should they have additional data, find any errors or have any questions. 

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