Sunday, November 21, 2021

COVID-19 Cases Linked to 61.6% of Adult Jails, Prisons and Penitentiaries in Canada

* Updated 21 November 2021 at 4:15pm ET

During the pandemic, 98 of 159 (61.6%) adult 'correctional' institutions across Canada had detected COVID-19 among people imprisoned and/or working at them. Click here for a breakdown of the cases by jurisdiction.


Atlantic Region (1/5)
Nova Institution for Women - NO
Springhill Institution - NO
Atlantic Institution - NO
Dorchester Penitentiary (medium) - YES
Dorchester Penitentiary (minimum) - NO

Quebec Region (9/12)
Archambault Institution (medium) - YES
Archambault Institution (minimum) - YES
Cowansville Institution - NO
Donnacona Institution - YES
Drummond Institution - YES
Federal Training Centre (minimum) - YES
Federal Training Centre (multi) - YES
Joliette Institution for Women - YES
La Macaza Institution - NO
Port Cartier Institution - YES
Regional Mental Health Centre - YES
Regional Reception Centre - NO

Ontario Region (6/13)
Bath Institution - NO
Beaver Creek Institution (medium) - YES
Beaver Creek Institution (minimum) - NO
Collins Bay Institution (maximum) - NO
Collins Bay Institution (medium) - YES
Collins Bay Institution (minimum) - NO
Grand Valley Institution for Women - YES
Joyceville Institution (medium) - YES
Joyceville Institution (minimum) - NO
Millhaven Institution - YES
Regional Treatment Centre, Bath - NO
Regional Treatment Centre, Millhaven - NO
Warkworth Institution - YES 

Prairie Region (8/16)
Stony Mountain Institution (maximum) - NO
Stony Mountain Institution (medium) - YES
Stony Mountain Institution (minimum) - NO
Okimaw Ohci Healing Lodge - NO
Regional Psychiatric Centre - NO
Saskatchewan Penitentiary (maximum) - YES
Saskatchewan Penitentiary (medium) - YES
Saskatchewan Penitentiary (minimum) - NO
Willow Cree Healing Centre - YES
Bowden Institution - YES
Drumheller Institution - YES
Edmonton Institution - YES
Edmonton Institution for Women - YES
Grande Cache Institution - NO
Grierson Centre - NO
Pê Sâkâstêw Centre - NO

Pacific Region (3/11)
Fraser Valley Institution for Women -  YES
Kent Institution - NO
Kwìkwèxwelhp Healing Lodge - NO
Matsqui Institution - YES
Mission Institution (medium) - YES
Mission Institution (minimum) - NO
Mountain Institution - NO
Pacific Institution - NO
Regional Reception and Assessment Centre - NO
Regional Treatment Centre - NO
William Head Institution - NO 

Her Majesty's Penitentiary - NO
West Coast Correctional Institution - NO
Newfoundland & Labrador Correctional Centre - NO 
Bishop's Falls Correctional Centre - NO 
Corner Brook Lockup - NO
Labrador Correctional Centre - NO

Provincial Correctional Centre - YES 
Prince County Correctional Centre - NO

NOVA SCOTIA (1/4 = 25%)
Cape Breton Correctional Facility - NO
Central Nova Correctional Facility - YES
Northeast Nova Scotia Correctional Facility - NO
Southwest Nova Scotia Correctional Facility - NO

NEW BRUNSWICK (3/5 = 60%)
Dalhousie Regional Correctional Centre - YES
Madawaska Regional Correctional Centre - YES
New Brunswick Women's Correctional Centre - NO
Southeast Regional Correctional Centre - YES
Saint John Regional Correctional Centre - NO

QUÉBEC (16/17 = 94.1%)
Établissement de détention d'Amos - YES
Établissement de détention de Baie-Comeau - YES
Établissement de détention de Hull - YES
Établissement de détention Leclerc de Laval - YES
Établissement de détention Bordeaux - YES
Établissement de détention de New Carlisle - YES
Établissement de détention de Percé - YES
Établissement de détention de Québec (women) - YES
Établissement de détention de Québec (men) - YES
Établissement de détention de Rimouski - YES
Établissement de détention Rivière-des-Prairies - YES
Établissement de détention de Roberval - YES
Établissement de détention de Saint-Jérôme - YES
Établissement de détention de Sept-Îles - NO
Établissement de détention de Sherbrooke - YES
Établissement de détention de Sorel-Tracy - YES
Établissement de détention Trois-Rivières - YES 

ONTARIO (22/25 = 88%)
Central East Correctional Centre - YES
Central North Correctional Centre - YES
Maplehurst Correctional Complex - YES
Monteith Correctional Complex - YES
Ontario Correctional Institute - YES
St. Lawrence Valley Correctional and Treatment Centre - YES
Thunder Bay Correctional Centre - YES
Vanier Centre for Women - YES
Elgin-Middlesex Detention Centre - YES 
Hamilton-Wentworth Detention Centre - YES
Niagara Detention Centre - YES
Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre - YES
Quinte Detention Centre - YES
Southwest Detention Centre - YES
Toronto East Detention Centre - YES 
Toronto South Detention Centre - YES
Brockville Jail - NO
Fort Frances Jail - NO
Kenora Jail - NO
North Bay Jail - YES
Sarnia Jail - YES
Stratford Jail - YES 
Sudbury Jail - YES
Thunder Bay Jail - YES
Algoma Treatment and Remand Centre - YES 

MANITOBA (6/6 = 100%)
Brandon Correctional Centre - YES
Headingley Correctional Centre - YES
Milner Ridge Correctional Centre - YES 
The Pas Correctional Centre - YES
Winnipeg Remand Centre - YES 
Women's Correctional Centre - YES

SASKATCHEWAN (5/5 = 100%)
Pine Grove Correctional Centre (women) - YES
Prince Albert Correctional Centre - YES
Regina Correctional Centre - YES
Saskatoon Correctional Centre - YES 
Saskatchewan Hospital North Battleford - YES

ALBERTA (8/8 = 100%)
Calgary Correctional Centre - YES
Calgary Remand Centre - YES
Edmonton Remand Centre - YES
Fort Saskatchewan Correctional Centre - YES
Lethbridge Correctional Centre - YES
Medicine Hat Remand Centre - YES
Peace River Correctional Centre - YES
Red Deer Remand Centre - YES

Alouette Correctional Centre for Women - NO
Ford Mountain Correctional Centre - NO
Fraser Regional Correctional Centre - YES
Kamloops Regional Correctional Centre - NO
Nanaimo Correctional Centre - NO
North Fraser Pretrial Centre - YES
Okanagan Correctional Centre - YES
Prince George Correctional Centre - NO
Surrey Pretrial Centre - YES
Vancouver Island Regional Correctional Centre - YES

NUNAVUT (2/5 = 40%)
Baffin Correctional Centre - YES
Qikiqtani Correctional Healing Centre - NO 
Ranking Inlet Healting Facility - NO
Kugluktuk Ilavut - NO
Makigiarvik - YES

North Slave Correctional Complex - YES
South Mackenzie Correctional Centre - NO 
Fort Smith Correctional Complex - NO

YUKON (1/1 = 100%)
Whitehorse Correctional Centre - YES

The preliminary findings presented above were compiled from figures included media reports and publicly available government data sets. Due to the quality of the data available, it is possible that there are additional laboratory confirmed cases of COVID-19 linked to prisoners and/or staff of Canadian carceral institutions than those compiled above as many state bodies do not report both types of cases online on a pro-active basis like Manitoba Corrections and the Ministère de la Sécurité publique du Québec. Correctional Service Canada and the Ontario Ministry of the Solicitor General release prisoner COVID-19 case figures on a regular basis through tables accessible through a single web link, but not those of their institutional staff. All other Canadian human caging authorities do not make such data sets available online, including the Saskatchewan Ministry of Corrections, Policing and Public Safety and the Alberta Correctional Services Division that have had several large outbreaks linked to their provincial jails and prisons, as well as the Nova Scotia Correctional Services Division, the Corrections Branch of the New Brunswick Department of Public SafetyPrince Edward Island Community and Correctional ServicesBritish Columbia CorrectionsNunavut CorrectionsNorthwest Territories Corrections Service, and Yukon Corrections that have had fewer total cases linked to their provincial or territorial sites of confinement. Researchers, journalists, policymakers and practitioners using the data presented above are invited to contact should they find any errors or have any questions. 

The preliminary findings above were compiled as part of the "COVID-19: Investigating Canada's Carceral Response to the Coronavirus through the Prison Pandemic Partnership" (principal investigator: Kevin Walby, PhD - uWinnipeg | co-investigator: Justin Piché, PhD - uOttawa | partner organization: Canadian Civil Liberties Association) project funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The partnership project is housed within the Centre for Access to Information and Justice at the University of Winnipeg.  

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